Testicular Varicose Veins Pain

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Male infertility is troubling for many couples with the goal of conceiving. Common reasons for male infertility include problems with semen or sperm, such as low sperm count, poor sperm motility or poor sperm quality. However, determining the causes of these problems is often the first step in overcoming these symptoms. One possible cause of male infertility is varicocele, which is an abnormal enlargement of the veins in the testicles. They are similar to varicose veins that occur in the legs.

This treatment may lead to poor sperm quality and may inhibit sperm production. However, it is important to remember that not all cases of varicocele affect sperm production. Some men may even experience a shrinking of the testicles as a result of this condition. The condition is generally easily diagnosed and treatments do exist to relieve any symptoms.

The spermatic cord carries blood to and from the testicles and although the exact cause of varicocele is not fully understood, many believe that inefficiencies in the valves in this cord prevent blood from flowing freely. Like in varicose veins in the legs, this causes blood to become backed up, which leads to the expansion of the vein and its enlarged appearance.

The condition, in many cases, forms during puberty and is most common on the left side probably because of the left testicular vein's position. Sperm production may be affected in both testicles even if the varicocele occurs on just one side.

Varicocele may lead to dull to sharp pains that may worsen over the course of the day. The pain may increase when sitting, standing or during periods of physical exertion. Patients with this condition may feel relief when lying on their back. The condition may enlarge overtime and become more noticeable, which may be embarrassing for some.

While some cases of varicocele may not require treatment, those experiencing symptoms such as pain, infertility or shrinking of the testicles may turn to treatment for relief. The risks associated with procedures to correct this condition include the buildup of fluid around the testicles, damage to an artery and recurrence of the condition.

Open surgery is the most common form of treatment, and is usually performed on an outpatient basis. The surgeon usually makes an incision around the groin, but may also approach the vein through the abdomen or below the groin. Laparoscopic surgery and percutaneous embolization, which involves the release of coils or balloons to form a blockage in testicular veins and interrupt blood flow to repair the varicocele, are also performed.

Frequently Asked Questions

    Do i have testicular cancer?
    This past month i have noticed my left testicle to have been a little "meaty" you could say around the bottom of my epididymis after i get out of the shower. Tho there is no solid lump, its just veiny. And as of today i have been feeling a dull, light pain in my testicle which occurs randomly throughout the day for about 10-15 seconds. Is this normal?

    My family has no history of testicular cancer but varicose veins does run in my lineage. I'm 15 and freaking out. Help!

    • ANSWER:
      No. You most likely are having some sort of growth issue because you are growing. Call your doctor and ask some questions. I bet your just fine.

    Could This Be Testicular Cancer?
    I'm 15 currently & I can't tell if I have testicular cancer. I have this pain that goes back in forth between my my abdomen & testical. I think that the "Varicose Vein" is swollen & there might be a lump. I can't tell if it is testicular cancer & I'm scared to tell my parents.

    • ANSWER:
      sounds more like a hernia to me. you should tell your parents and see a doctor

    Testicular discomfort, Doctors please help!?
    Hi there, my partner is experiencing some troubles. He is describing a small area of irritation on his left testical, its not on the outside, the outside of the skin looks completely normal, he says its inside and feels sore, like there is a graze inside, or like there is a piece of sandpaper in between the skin and the actual testical. The size of the irritation is probably 2cmx3cm.

    There seems to be a large vein there, but he's been to the doctors and its not a varicose vein, not is the pain in his testical, its like between the skin and the outside of the testical, cancelling out most of the possible causes we've seen on the internet.

    He's had an ultrasound showing absolutely no abnormalities, and the doctor can't seem to find anything.

    It's been going on for about 3 or so months. Some days its worse than others. He wears both boxers and jocks, neither make a difference.

    We'd love to know what's going on, please help!!


    • ANSWER:
      , the left testicle is lower than the right in 90% of men. The most common cause of testicular discomfort is an inflammation of the prostate gland, so called prostatitis. Other symptoms that might occur with prostatitis include frequency of urination, slowing of the urinary stream, burning with voiding or ejaculation, burning in the penile tip unrelated to voiding, sexual dysfunction (such as difficulty with erection), aching in the penis, testicles, and discomfort in the lower abdomen, low back, groin, rectum or perineum (the area between the scrotum and rectum – betwixt the “wind and the rain”). The passage of blood at the initiation or termination of urination or in the semen can also be noted. During sexual arousal the prostate gland manufactures fluid that accounts for about 2/3 of the volume of ejaculate. The seminal vesicles are paired structures located behind the prostate gland that also manufacture fluid. Sperm from the testicles (which account for only 1-2% of the semen) travel up a series of tubes (epididymis and vas deferens) on each side to join the seminal vesicles forming the paired ejaculatory ducts. These structures empty into the prostatic portion of the urethra. At the time of ejaculation, prostatic fluid is discharged into the urethra (urinary canal) where it mixes with discharge from the ejaculatory ducts forming the semen. The semen volume is in the 2-6 cc range. It is not uncommon for inflammation and/or infection to spread in a retrograde manner into the vas and epididymis. Even without such spread, prostatic discomfort is often referred into the testicle.

      Too frequent or too infrequent ejaculation, sexual arousal without ejaculation, withdraw at the time of ejaculation, aggressive bike or horse back riding, and excessive spicy foods, alcohol, and caffeine in the diet can predispose you to this. Sitting for long periods of time, especially in an automotive vehicle, can put undo pressure on the prostate and aggravate the condition. For the latter, it is best not to sit more than 2-3 hours at a time. Stop the vehicle periodically, take a short walk and go to the bathroom to urinate. A thick pad or piece of sponge rubber on your seat will also help to cushion the prostate.

      One should avoid any of the above that apply. Eliminating all of the factors that apply to you are just as important, if not more so, than taking medication! Ejaculation beyond the tolerance of the prostate to fill and empty may also cause discomfort. Likewise if one does so infrequently, fluid still builds up from thoughts, dreams, fantasies, etc. and has to be released periodically to decompress the gland and relieve the symptoms. For most men, ejaculation in moderation, perhaps 1-2 times a week, is reasonable. A daily warm bath for 10-15 minutes 1-2 times daily also lessens the discomfort. Attention to sexual activity and warm bathes should be utilized regardless of the type of prostatitis and whether or not medications are prescribed!
      There are several types of prostatitis. Sometimes prostatitis can be due to an infection of the gland with bacteria. This usually requires an initial 4 week course of an appropriate antibiotic (the commonest prescribed are the fluoroquinolones, but tetracyclines, sulfas and other agents can also work). Typically, pus cells and bacteria are found in the prostatic fluid.
      Abacterial prostatitis has several varieties. In one, the prostatic fluid demonstrates pus cells but no bacteria. In the other, called prostadynia, there are neither pus cells nor bacteria in the fluid, just the symptoms. In all types of prostatitis, the urinalysis generally is normal unless the infection spreads into the bladder. Abacterial prostatitis usually responds to the general measures mentioned above. Medications that sometimes help include the over-the-counter natural supplement saw palmetto 320 mgm daily and alpha-blockers (such as Flomax, Hytrin, Cardura & Uroxatral). The latter require a prescription from you physician if he thinks it is indicated. Prostatitis may also be classified as acute (severe), subacute (mild), or asymptomatic. It may also occur as a single episode, be recurrent or chronic. Therefore, if symptoms persist, consultation with a urologist should be scheduled. In cases with recurrent prostatitis or hematuria, it sometimes is necessary to study the urinary tract. A man should learn to listen to his body. Good luck!?

    soft testicular lump?
    i have found a soft lump above my left testicle after i began to feel some pain . after doing some research it seemed like its most likely a varicose vein. i also began to feel sick about a day after finding it so it might be an infection. i am able to fit my fingers between the lump and my testicle. i have an appointment with my doctor tomorrow but my question is, is a tumor or testicular cancer a hard or soft lump?

    • ANSWER: